When I was younger I wanted mosquitoes to be wiped off the Earth. As I got older I realised that all creatures have a part to play in the ecosystem and that removing one part may cause unforeseen consequences. However, a new article in Nature has recently suggested that while the loss of the 3500 species of mosquitoes (of which only 2-300 species affect humans) may have some effect on pollination and food availability other species would quickly fill this gap. As mosquitoes are vectors of diseases such as malaria and dengue fever we might even be better off without them.